7 [The worst feature of the Caste System is an anti-social spirit]
[1:] The Hindus
often complain of the isolation and exclusiveness of a gang or a clique
and blame them for anti-social spirit. But they conveniently forget
that this anti-social spirit is the worst feature of their own Caste System.
One caste enjoys singing a hymn of hate against another caste as much
as the Germans enjoyed singing their hymn of hate against the English
during the last war [=World War I]. The literature of the Hindus is
full of caste genealogies in which an attempt is made to give a noble
origin to one caste and an ignoble origin to other castes. The Sahyadrikhand is a notorious instance of this class of literature.
[2:] This anti-social spirit is not confined to caste alone. It has gone deeper and has poisoned the mutual relations of the sub-castes as well. In my province the Golak Brahmins,
Deorukha Brahmins, Karada Brahmins, Palshe Brahmins, and Chitpavan
Brahmins all claim to be sub-divisions of the Brahmin caste. But the
anti-social spirit that prevails between them is quite as marked and
quite as virulent as the anti-social spirit that prevails between them
and other non-Brahmin castes. There is nothing strange in this. An
anti-social spirit is found wherever one group has "interests of its
own" which shut it out from full interaction with other groups, so that
its prevailing purpose is protection of what it has got.
[3:] This anti-social spirit, this spirit of
protecting its own interests, is as much a marked feature of the
different castes in their isolation from one another as it is of nations
in their isolation. The Brahmin's primary concern is to protect "his
interest" against those of the non-Brahmins;
and the non-Brahmins' primary concern is to protect their interests
against those of the Brahmins. The Hindus, therefore, are not merely an
assortment of castes, but are so many warring groups, each living for
itself and for its selfish ideal.
[4:] There is another feature of caste which
is deplorable. The ancestors of the present-day English fought on one
side or the other in the Wars of the Roses and the Cromwellian War. But
the descendants of those who fought on the one side do not bear any
animosity—any grudge—against the descendents of those who fought on the
other side. The feud is forgotten. But the present-day non-Brahmins
cannot forgive the present-day Brahmins for the insult their ancestors gave to Shivaji. The present-day Kayasthas will not forgive the present-day Brahmins for the infamy cast upon their forefathers by the forefathers of the latter. To what is this difference due? Obviously to the Caste System.
The existence of Caste and Caste Consciousness has served to keep the
memory of past feuds between castes green, and has prevented solidarity.|